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Leucine aminopeptidase blood test

Definition

The leucine aminopeptidase (LAP) test measures how much of this enzyme is in your blood.

Your urine can also be checked for LAP.

Alternative Names

Serum leucine aminopeptidase; LAP - serum

How the Test is Performed

A blood sample is needed.

How to Prepare for the Test

You need to fast for 8 hours before the test. This means you can't eat or drink anything during the 8 hours.

How the Test will Feel

When the needle is inserted to draw blood, some people feel moderate pain. Others feel only a prick or stinging. Afterward, there may be some throbbing or a slight bruise. This soon goes away.

Why the Test is Performed

LAP is a type of protein called an enzyme. This enzyme is normally found in cells of the liver , bile, blood, urine and the placenta.

Your health care provider may order this test to check if your liver is damaged. Too much LAP is released into your blood when you have a liver tumor or damage to your liver cells.

This test is not done very often. Other tests, such as gamma-glutamyl transferase, are as accurate and easier to get.

Normal Results

Normal range is:

  • Male: 80 to 200 U/mL
  • Female: 75 to 185 U/mL

Normal value ranges may vary slightly. Some labs use different measurements or may test different samples. Talk to your provider about the meaning of your specific test results.

What Abnormal Results Mean

An abnormal result may be a sign of:

  • Bile flow from the liver is blocked (cholestasis)
  • Cirrhosis
  • Hepatitis
  • Liver cancer
  • Liver ischemia (reduced blood flow to the liver)
  • Liver necrosis (death of liver tissue)
  • Liver tumor
  • Use of drugs that are toxic to the liver

Risks

There is very little risk involved with having your blood taken. Veins and arteries vary in size from one person to another, and from one side of the body to the other. Taking blood from some people may be more difficult than from others.

Other risks associated with having blood drawn are slight, but may include:

  • Excessive bleeding
  • Fainting or feeling lightheaded
  • Hematoma (blood accumulating under the skin)
  • Infection (a slight risk any time the skin is broken)

References

Chernecky CC, Berger BJ. Leucine aminopeptidase (LAP) - blood. In: Chernecky CC, Berger BJ, eds. Laboratory Tests and Diagnostic Procedures. 6th ed. St Louis, MO: Elsevier Saunders; 2013:714-715.

Review Date:2/13/2017
Reviewed By:Laura J. Martin, MD, MPH, ABIM Board Certified in Internal Medicine and Hospice and Palliative Medicine, Atlanta, GA. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.

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